Literature Review on effects of saturation on soil subgrade strength
Author Name : Anuj Dalal, Mrs. Monika
The subgrade, the layer of soil on which the subbase or pavement is built, provides support to the remainder of the pavement system. It is crucial for highway engineers to develop a subgrade with a California Bearing Ratio (CBR) value of at least 10. Many Researches shows that if a subgrade has a CBR value less than 10, the subbase material will deflect under traffic loadings in the same manner as the subgrade and cause pavement deterioration. The subbase, the layer of aggregate material immediately below the pavement, provides drainage and stability to the pavement. Undrained water in the pavement supporting layers can freeze and expand, creating high internal pressures on the pavement structure. Moreover, flowing water can carry soil particles that clog drains and, in combination with traffic, pump fines from the subbase or subgrade. It is therefore crucial that highway engineers develop a stable, permeable subbase with longitudinal subdrains. This paper provides a literature review on effects of saturation on soil subgrade strength.