Development of a Prototype of a GSM based Underground Cable Fault Detector
Author Name : Shreya Pal, Shubham Verma, Shashank Shakher Yadav, Dinesh Kumar, Amanpreet Kaur
ABSTRACT: Cable faults are damage to cables which affects the resistance in the cable. If allowed to persist, this can lead to a voltage breakdown. To locate a fault in the cable, the cable must first be tested for faults. This prototype uses the simple concept of Ohms law. The current would vary depending upon the length of fault of the cable. This prototype is assembled with a set of resistors representing cable length in kilometers and fault creation is made by a set of switches at every known kilometer to cross check the accuracy of the same. The fault occurring at the respective distance and phase is displayed on a 16 X 2 LCD interfaced with the microcontroller. The program is burned into ROM of microcontroller. The power supply consists of a step down transformer 230 V/12 V, which steps down the voltage to 12 V AC. This is converted to DC using a bridge rectifier. The ripples are removed using a capacitive filter and it is then regulated to +5 V using a voltage regulator which is required for the operation of the microcontroller and other components.