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Important Rights Of Indigenous People In The ...

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Important Rights Of Indigenous People In The ...

Important Rights Of Indigenous People In The Constitutional Law Of India With Special Reference To Impact Of Tribal Rights In The Present Day Changing Scenario For Implementation Of Status Of Their Rights Practically

Author Name : Dr. Niranjan Parida

ABSRACT

Indigenous peoples are comes from particular region or of a country.  In some parts of the world, they are very few indigenous people, while in other parts; they may number into the hundreds of thousands, even millions. Over the years, many groups of people have been wiped out, either by diseases of colonizing peoples, or through policies of extermination. Those indigenous societies that remain today are predominantly subsistence-based i.e. farming or hunting for food for immediate use, and non-urbanized, sometimes nomadic. Some people have been critical of indigenous peoples’ treatment of the environment, noting examples such as the deforestation of Easter Island or the disappearance of large animals from parts of America and Australia caused by native people. One of the most marginalized communities in India is the tribal communities. India’s population included more than one hundred million tribal people.  Tribal  community  in  India  has  been  most  vulnerable community  in  the  in  equal,  domination  and  exploitation  ridden  society.  They are on the breadline of their socio-economic and political rights.  As  the  United  Nations  Declaration  of  Human  Rights  has  given  the rights  of  indigenous  people,  the  Indian  constitution  also  has  given  several  provision  for  rights  of  tribal communities  regarding  the  social,  economics,  and  education,  culture, political  and  service. This paper highlight the provision of tribal rights that was enshrines in the Indian constitution.