Important Rights Of Indigenous People In The Constitutional Law Of India With Special Reference To Impact Of Tribal Rights In The Present Day Changing Scenario For Implementation Of Status Of Their Rights Practically
Author Name : Dr. Niranjan Parida
Indigenous peoples are comes from particular region or of a country. In some parts of the world, they are very few indigenous people, while in other parts; they may number into the hundreds of thousands, even millions. Over the years, many groups of people have been wiped out, either by diseases of colonizing peoples, or through policies of extermination. Those indigenous societies that remain today are predominantly subsistence-based i.e. farming or hunting for food for immediate use, and non-urbanized, sometimes nomadic. Some people have been critical of indigenous peoples’ treatment of the environment, noting examples such as the deforestation of Easter Island or the disappearance of large animals from parts of America and Australia caused by native people. One of the most marginalized communities in India is the tribal communities. India’s population included more than one hundred million tribal people. Tribal community in India has been most vulnerable community in the in equal, domination and exploitation ridden society. They are on the breadline of their socio-economic and political rights. As the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights has given the rights of indigenous people, the Indian constitution also has given several provision for rights of tribal communities regarding the social, economics, and education, culture, political and service. This paper highlight the provision of tribal rights that was enshrines in the Indian constitution.